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how to make a lesson plan English teaching
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A lesson plan is very useful for both class-room situation and effective teaching as a lesson plan is a detailed plan which is prepared in advance by the teacher giving in it the details of learning activities. It has been rightly said, a school day must be a succession of activities and experiences of great variety and stimulation, designed to develop pupils to the maximum in the time available. This means that succession of activities and experiences necessarily depend upon a well planned lesson. A well-planned lesson helps a teacher to develop pupil’s interest to the maximum in the time available. Without a planned lesson Plan the teaching cannot be effective. The performance of the teacher will be more effective through it.
The teacher tries to put in the various steps he desires to follow in his process of teaching. That is why; learned scholars have expressed their views on the vital issues and give much stress on the value of lesson plan Model for successful and effective teaching.
But in preparing the lesson plan, the so-called formalities should be avoided. Similarly, too much detailed description should not be encouraged. It should be flexible as well as easy.
For achieving the goal, these following points should be kept in mind while preparing a well lesson plan –
(a) The first and the foremost pre–requisite is through knowledge of the subject matter. Whatever the teaching point, its concept should be quite clear in the mind of the teacher. It means that the teacher must be well versed in arranging the subject or the topic he is to teach. If the subject matter is not clear and the teachers mind is clouded, it will result in passing out wrong information. It will also lead to “irrelevant padding” which in its tom compels a teacher to resort to unnecessary repetition. If the teacher is not thorough in the subject matter, he will not be able to restore confidence in the students and face the class-room problems with authority and dignity. The teacher should know his pupils and their needs. The knowledge of pupils, and their needs will help the teacher in knowing his pupils interest and individual attitudes. He will also be able to know the traits of different age groups.
(b) The next step is content analysis which means division and sub-division of teaching content into teaching units. This must be done according to the nature of the content. This content analysis must be done in a way that the constituents do not resemble separate ‘parts’ but parts of a united whole. It must be a psychological order. Then, the teacher must decide his aims and objectives of teaching. He must write these objectives in teaching of learning experience.
(c) The teacher uses the various techniques which are in common use, such as ‘questions and answers’, ‘Dramatic play’ ‘experiments’, ‘deductive and inductive reasoning’, ‘straight lecturing’, ‘story telling’, ‘demonstration’ etc. The ‘nature’ of the subject matter, well known, will guide the teacher to employ either of these techniques.
(d) The teacher has to carry on his work in the classroom. Hence, the teacher has to keep in mind the ‘physical assets’ of the school where he is to work. By physical assets is meant the resources or the limitations of the schools.
(e) The teacher should keep in mind the purposes, aims and objectives of the lesson and he should maintain their psychological unity and their practicability while preparing his lesson plan.
(f) He should collect the best possible material to make his lesson illustrative. Every successful lesson has its practical value. The teacher should try to find it every day, note it and lay emphasis upon it in his process of teaching.
- To enable students to appreciate the beauty, rhyme and style of the poem.
- To enable pupils to read aloud the poem with proper rhythm and intonation.
- To train the emotions of students.
- To develop their aesthetic sense.
- To create a love for English literature in them.
- To acquaint them with the natural scene and scenery of the Rainbow.
- To enable them to know that nature is eternal, and man’s life is changeable.
A picture showing the beautiful scenery and scenes of Rainbow.
The students have seen a rainbow in the sky in the rainy season.
Statements of aims
Today, we shall study a poem about the Rainbow.
Presentation Introduction-The poem will be taught in one unit.
- What is this? (Showing the picture)
- Have you seen a rainbow in the sky?
- When did you see it? (Different answers)
- How do you feel? (Problematic)
- Who has composed this poem?
First Model Reading-The teacher will read the whole poem with proper expression and proper modulation of voice, with proper attention to rhyme and students will listen.
Loud Reading-Now the teacher will ask a few students to read the poem one by one aloud. The teacher will help them in reciting the poem.
Comprehension Test Questions
- Seeing the rainbow in the sky, why did the poet say, “The child is the father of the man“?
- How can you say that he has great love for nature?
- What does he wish to feel when he grows old?
- What is the central idea of the poem?
What lesson do you get from this poem?
Assignment-The students will be asked to memorize the poem.