Characteristics of English Language-The more advanced a language, the more developed is its power of expressing abstract or general ideas. English is such a language which is universally renowned for its power of expressions.
The characteristics of English as a living language are as follows-
(1) Inits earlier form, it was a syntactic language. The in flexion of nouns and verbs was independent. It has become amalgamated with the stem forms. As such, these could not be separated from the complex constituting a word. In the course of evolution, when it ‘developed ode flexion’ took place and in flexion was lost and it became an analytic language.
(2) It is an effective language because it has absorbed and retained this tendency to absorb words and expressions of other languages of the world.
(3) English is a progressive language It is progressive in the sense that it has evolved from the past has a present and future. It is a dynamic language in the senses that more than half of the world speaks and understands it. It is a flexible language because its history is chronicle of the tremendous change in culture and language.
(4) It has its own peculiar phonemes, morphemes and syntax.
(5) It is a complete language as it has evolved out of a social background and expresses cultural experiences, not only of its localized society, but also of others.
(6) As a language, it is systematic having its own system and a fixed order of words in a sentence.
(7) It has its own grammar that describes the way in which it should function.
(8) In English, a sentence can be of either a single word or a group of words. A sentences has two parts-
(i) A subject which is the theme.
(ii) A predicate which is a statement related to the theme.
Subject usually precedes the verb and is always in the nominative case. In English, declarative sentences have the following grammatical structures– ·
Subject-Verb (S + V)
Subject-Verb, Object (S + V + 0) Subject, Verb, Complement (S + V + C) Subject, Verb, Adverbial (S + V + A)
Subject, Verb, Object, Complement (S + V + 0 + C) Subject, Verb, Object Adverbial (S + V + 0 + A)
Subject, Verb, Object, Complement, Adverbial (S+ V + 0+ C + A)